All about your child's eyes - what to expect in your baby's first year and what to do about some common eye problems. There is also information about vision checks at various stages in childhood.

A child's eye

A checklist for your baby's eye and vision development during their first year. If you have any concerns about your baby's vision, see your family doctor or Well Child service provider.

Common eye problems in children include strabismus, chalazion, amblyopia and refractive error.

Conjunctivitis, or pink eye, is a very common condition in children. It causes red, irritated and sticky eyes. It is usually caused by an infection (virus or bacteria), or allergies.

Your baby's eyes should be checked soon after birth. If you have concerns about your baby's vision or hearing at any time, take your baby for an assessment.

Your child's hearing and vision will be discussed with you at various Well Child checks before your child turns 4 years of age. If your child does have a hearing or vision problem, finding it early is good for their learning and development.

Screening for some vision problems for your child should happen at around 11 or 12 years of age. Your child will not have their hearing checked at school so if you are concerned about your child's hearing, it's important that you visit your family doctor.

If your child has learning or reading difficulties, is clumsier than usual for their age, screws their eyes up or tilts their head to see, or has frequent headaches, this may mean they have a vision problem.