Infectious Diseases At A Glance

Infectious Diseases At A Glance

At-a-glance information on a range of childhood infections - how they are spread, early symptoms, time between exposure and sickness, exclusion from school and day care.


Brief answers to your questions about common infectious diseases

See the Ministry of Health's HealthEd website for at-a-glance information on a range of childhood infections. The chart shows:

  • how each infection is spread
  • early symptoms
  • time between exposure and sickness
  • for how long children should be excluded from kindergarten, daycare or school

Thumbnail image of chart

The conditions covered are:

  • campylobacter
  • chickenpox
  • conjunctivitis (viral or bacterial)
  • cryptosporidium
  • gastroenteritis (viral)
  • giardia
  • glandular fever
  • hand, foot and mouth disease
  • hepatitis A
  • hepatitis B 
  • impetigo (school sores)
  • influenza
  • measles 
  • meningitis (meningococcal)
  • mumps 
  • ringworm
  • rubella 
  • salmonella
  • scabies
  • streptococcal sore throat
  • slapped cheek (human parvovirus infection)
  • whooping cough 

This page last reviewed 22 April 2020.

Call Healthline on 0800 611 116 any time of the day or night for free health advice when you need it